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How to Make a Compelling Argument
Being able to come up with a compelling argument is the key to winning any debate. Sometimes these debates are waged in a form of an essay, and then you need to put your arguments on paper in a clear and concise way. The main mistake some students make is overlooking the reasons why people might disagree with certain ideas and not backing them up with reasonable arguments. That's when you need to learn how to make a good argument and succeed in your essay.
1.Don't Go Overboard with Arguments
If you care about your topic deeply, it's easy to get carried away and provide a whole bunch of reasons why you think your thesis is correct and should be supported. However, this approach usually brings little success with the readers. Instead of rumbling about many different aspects of the subject of your essay, emphasize only the strongest ones. This technique is often used in political speculations when one particular idea, which appeals to the public the most, wins over a big number of more abstract ones.
2.Respect Your Opponents
You'll be aware that the readers might come up with counterarguments so you may start predicting their ideas and wording them in an intentionally diminishing way. This will only get you into troubles because the readers will get an impression that they are being disrespected and attacked. Instead, make sure you say that you acknowledge other points of view, and while they have their own strong sides, you're ready to provide even more powerful arguments.
When writing the assumptions that will support your main arguments, you might fall into a mistake and overlook the other side of this assumption. For instance, you may be writing about how everyone should trust the police because, generally thinking, that's the right thing to do and you expect others to agree with you. However, if you get a reader from a country where the police is corrupt, they will smash your argument into pieces. A compelling argument is one that can't have exceptions.
4.Have a Strong Foundation
So, you think you have a powerful argument. Can you back it up with enough proofs? The 'because I think so' is the weakest evidence you can have. Every argument you want to include in your essay should go through a thorough research. It's possible that you're convinced of a certain idea, but once you start reading about it, you might find out that you had a totally wrong picture and distorted understanding of the situation. So, before you include any information in your research, double-check its validity.
Finally, don't fall into the trap of appealing only to emotions. It might work on the internet or during oral discussions, but your professors will never appreciate that in an essay. It creates an impression that you want to manipulate the reader into believing you, because you have very little knowledge of the topic and simply can't give any reasonable arguments.