Jan 12, 2018 in Health

Nursing Theories

The nursing progression should be founded on nursing premises. Nursing premises lead to the fact that the nursing field is a reputed vocation. The nursing premises offer path and direction for configuring proficient nursing practice, teaching and learning, and research. The nursing theories as well distinguish the concentration of nursing from further occupations. They act as guiding appraisals, involvement, and assessment of nursing care. They bring about an underlying principle for compiling consistent and applicable information concerning the health standing of patients, which are pivotal for successful management and application. In this succinct paper, three different and important nursing theories will be identified and analyzed (Grobbee et al., 2009).

Imogene King's Theory of Goal Attainment

Imogene King expanded a universal schemes structure and a premise of goal attainment. The structure addresses three stages of systems - personal, interpersonal, and societal. The hypothesis of goal attainment addresses the significance of communication, insight, exchange, character, function, strain, expansion, timeframe, and individual freedom. King accentuates that the nurse and the patient both bring in essential awareness and facts to the association to concurrently and collaboratively attain goals. Studies have noted that while the nurse and patient interact and collaborate toward jointly chosen objectives, the achievement of these goals is more probable. This premise can be exploited in the practice through realizing that objectives are achieved by the sheer and joint interaction of the nurse and the patient. Moreover, this relation is impacted by insight, decision, strain, development, timeframe, and individual freedom. Goals are attained more probably as long as the nurse and patients tackled these causes that influence achieved goals (Alligood et al., 1999).

Dorothea Orem's Self-Care Theory

The broad premise of Dorothea Orem's nursing is constituted of three consistent theories, that is, the personal health maintenance, the personal health maintenance discrepancy, and the nursing systems. Basic habituation causes pertain to all of the premises. The main notions of personal health maintenance are personal health maintenance, personal health maintenance group, personal health maintenance requirements (general, developmental, and health divergence), and restorative personal health maintenance requisite. A self-care (personal health maintenance) shortage takes place when the restorative personal health maintenance requisite surpasses personal health maintenance group. Furthermore, nursing systems encompass nursing group (nursing agency) and the planning of nursing schemes for care. Orem's treatment procedure consists of a three-step practice (analysis and direction, nursing framework planning, creation and organization of nursing frameworks). Orem's premise of self care might be employed across the nursing discipline via having the needed awareness that people should be capable of executing self-care tasks in order to encourage and preserve welfare (Hartweg, 1999).

Martha Rogers Science of Unitary Human Beings

Martha Rogers has expanded the Science of Unitary Human Beings to be the nursing's distinctive understanding organization. Individuals and their settings comprise of unlimited force fields in incessant movement. They generate trends and are unified. Rogers' three standards are the concepts of resonance (incessant alteration from lesser to upper incidence), helicy (growing variety), and integrality (incessant procedure of the individual and ecological fields). Roger denotes that individuals are active force fields in constant transaction with ecological fields. Nurses skilled at noncontact remedial contact state they are able to evaluate and sense the force field and control it to improve the therapeutic procedure of sick human beings. This nursing premise can be employed across the nursing discipline through various means. For instance, being merely and constantly available in a certain space with a client might facilitate their healing process (Rogers, 1989).

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