Primary Care Clinic
To ensure that the entire nation is performing more efficiently and productively, the nation's healthcare system must be sound and proficient. Organizing institutions, people and resources to provide health care services will enable to satisfy health care needs of the entire population. The health care reform in the US was generally enacted in 2010 through the passage of two bills, namely the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) and Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act. The paper focuses on the Primary Care Clinic by viewing the position taken by political parties, interest groups and general public to improve healthcare of the general community. It also assesses the efforts that might be made to encourage further development of healthcare units, including small clinics.
Political Forces that Contribute to Development
The Democratic Party supports the Affordable Care Act passed in 2010. It assumes that the act will ensure that all people, regardless of their economic backgrounds, will get health insurance coverage. The bill will also prompt employers to take care of their employees, extend subsidies to middle income earners, and, at the same time, expand Medicaid to high income earners. The party enacts its policy to ensure that health care is more computerized, hence an increase in sharing of information between service providers and reduction of errors. It would also help develop and open up more health centers. Another advantage of the bill is the verity that it will reduce the sole participation of the administration in the previous system, something that would pay doctors for only their efficiency and reduce the inducement that doctors received earlier on. All these make the democrats embrace the bill.
Republicans, on the other hand, oppose the bill, and no member of this party had voted in the favor of it. They had proposed another reform in 2009 that would have placed people with pre-existing condition, inability to afford coverage in greater risks and offering, in the hands of insurers to show favoritism against them with regard to coverage and premiums (Breckon and Minelli, 2008). The bill was not, however, passed, and this could be the reason why the party opposed the Affordable Act. The opposition was mainly based on the protests against a rise in taxation. Since the bill urges the government to take a greater control of the health care sector, the taxes would definitely rise dramatically, thus enabling the government to fund the sector. The government's takeover would leave many private insurers jobless, since their services would be viewed as unfeasible.
The Green Party has joined efforts with the Democratic Party in support of the Affordable Act. The party considers human health a human right, hence forming the basis of their support for the bill. The party is sensitive to the verity that private insurance only serves the healthiest and wealthiest people, thus leaving out the most vulnerable members of the public. The party advocates for a health care system that would provide coverage to all the Americans, regardless of their income, employment, housing, age or other pre-medical conditions (Kominski, Rice and Andersen, 2007). The program should also be financed publicly at the national level, controlled locally and be delivered privately. In other words, hospitals, private physicians, and other health care providers would remain competitive and offer full choice of provider to the clients.
Social and Economic Factors that Influence the Health Sector
The effects of the social and economic factors are well-recognized and understood by the social care, health and well-being partnership. Services, such as housing, social care, education, economic development and transport, play a critical role in the development of the health sector. Housing, which refers to where and how people live, impacts greatly their health status. Other than the social and physical environments, which are crucial to the well-being of an individual, the home setting provided by both the community and family may affect people's health. This is because homeless people experience the greatest difficulties in accessing health care services (Kominski, Rice and Andersen, 2007). Additionally, such people are exposed to harsh environments, which are likely to trigger and worsen existing ailments. The rise in the number of employment opportunities is another factor that has greatly contributed to the growth of the clinic. This follows the notion that poverty does not only contribute to one's physical health, but can also cause anxiety, stress and depression among others. Since people have increasingly secured jobs, they are able to cater for their health needs, something that has contributed to the dramatic development of the clinic.
Community safety ensures that there is a safe environment, within which individuals can live, hence providing an ample environment for people to reside. Community partnership groups strive to ensure that there is law and order, as well as a reduction in the number of incidents of crime to ascertain that people live harmoniously. Therefore, many people, who may later turn out to be loyal customers of the clinic, are lured to reside, hence facilitating development. Public protection service is also responsible for the development of the clinic, because health practitioners are currently being hired to educate the public on the need to stay healthy, including enlightening the populace on the need to keep the environment favorable for their existence. Finally, development of infrastructure has provided an excellent transport system, which directs the community to the clinic.
Mission Statement of the Clinic
The goal of the mission statement is to provide proficient, inventive, and reachable emergency and health care services to the entire population, irrespective of skin color, religious affiliations, as well as educational, socio-economic and political background. This mission statement is comprehensive, because it covers all the duties of the clinic. Though many people may aspire to be in the front line when it comes to the provision of proficient healthcare, most of them face numerous challenges that hinder their development. Providing health services to all the members without discrimination is one of the most effective strategies that would lure many customers to this clinic and consequently win their loyalty. This phrase is also likely to make customers feel confident, as they will seek medication from the clinic due to being assured of the absence of partiality.
To ensure provision of high-quality services, there should be progressive quality assessment and improvement programs that include quality management and clinical services. The programs should mainly focus on the nature of services offered at the health centre and the response of the patients regarding those services. This being the case, the clinic will adopt the most effective performance measures to ensure proper delivery of healthcare. To start with, outreach or quality of care is one of the measures to be used to assess the performance of the clinic. This refers to the number of patients that the clinic can reach and comfortably treat. The figure should neither stagnate nor decrease, but rather keep rising on a daily basis.
The second performance measure is health outcomes or disparities, i.e. positive feedback received from the patients that were treated earlier. Though the aim of anyone would be to receive 100% positive feedback, this does not always prove to be the case. However, an outcome of about 85% is bearable, and it should not fall below this figure. Determining this is not a hard task, since well-served customers tend to return to show appreciation or direct their friends to a health centre where they were served best. Finally, the financial viability of the clinic is another measure that would be used to assess its performance. If the clinic does not suffer from financial constraints, its performance can be deemed worthy of praise.
Development of a health care institution, or any other institution, requires an urgent expansion plan to cater for the rising number of patients and increase in the number of facilities. Additionally, it will be necessary to add the number of health care practitioners and include those that cope with the increasing number of patients seeking medical attention in the clinic. Consequently, this obliges the clinic management to hire only highly-qualified personnel and offer training to the existing employees. Seeking advice from informed people is one of the main ways that would ensure that the right measures are taken to improve the services offered by the clinic. Advice from a number of people is vital, as it is likely to offer a lot of useful information. The information can be sampled to come up with a feasible final verdict, which can be implemented without posing any threats. After the right decisions have been made, a contract to supply new facilities should be given to credible companies capable of doing acceptable work.
Role of Clinics in the Community
National development depends solely on the working nature of the natives, which in turn greatly depends on the health status of the community. The implication of this is that healthy citizens are likely to contribute to higher community developments, as opposed to an ailing community. It is at this particular stage that clinics become really important, since they can provide quick, accessible and sound healthcare services to the community in their hour of need. They also help community members to save on transportation costs by sparing them the trouble of having to travel many miles to reach bigger hospitals. It also helps in enlightening the community on the various preventive measures that they might adopt in order to fight diseases and keep healthy. Finally, clinics also help in controlling the population by educating the public on the need to embrace family planning methods.
Promoting and protecting healthcare is a powerful strategy that can be used to address individual and community health. Whereas health is a basic element of human development, promotion of health should involve a wider range of actions, as compared to the few currently being handled by health care systems and services. As already observed above, political, economic and the social forces are the major factors that influence the development of the healthcare system. As explained earlier on, clinics are crucial institutions that aid in promoting the community's health; therefore, it can be generally inferred that all bodies should play their roles effectively to ensure reliable healthcare in the community.