Watergate scandal shook America and the whole world, as well. The phrase "Watergate Business" is still a synonym of power abuse at the highest level (Reeves, 2001). This crime did not remain unpunished. For Richard Nixon, the United States President, this story ended with the retirement.
Watergate scandal was a large political scandal in the USA. In 1972 five people were arrested for penetration into the headquarters of the national Committee of the Democratic Party in the Watergate hotel in Washington for the purpose of the tap installation. Soon it became evident that their actions were a part of the campaign for ensuring re-election of Nixon on a post of the United States President in 1972. At first, the White house denied its participation in the incident, but after the careful investigation which had been carried out by the journalists from the "Washington Post", it became evident that a few people from the environment of the president were involved in this illegal operation and attempts to hide it (Bernstein, and Woodward, 1999). A number of the officials of the White house and presidential assistants were condemned on charge of criminal offenses. Then the whole attention was concentrated on the President Nixon. After the extracts of the tape recordings of the conversations, which took place in the White house, were made public, it became obvious that the President was involved in the scandal. In August 1974, Nixon resigned in order to avoid impeachment.
The data which were published by crafty Woodworth and Bernstein could be learned only from the person who was fully informed and close to the White House. This "anonymous source" in the American administration knew much - the "well-wisher" secretly as the spy met the journalists; most often it occurred in underground garages of the American capital (Bernstein, and Woodward, 1999).
The whole America guessed who this secret informant was and who managed to shake echelons of the higher authority. The answer knew only Woodworth and Bernstein. They wrote the best-seller All Presidential Host about the Watergate scandal where they gave the nickname the "Deep Throat" to the secret source. The journalists declared that they would reveal the name of the informant only after his death (Bernstein, and Woodward, 1999).
For thirty years, the secret of "a deep throat" used to haunt the Americans. Numerous articles, books, documentaries, and feature films put forward the versions about the one who was the secret informer (Bernstein, and Woodward, 1999).
Almost all people close to the President were suspected: the State Secretary Henry Kissinger, the Head of White House administration Alexander Haig, personal speech writers of the President, and the director of FBI Patrick Gray, and his deputy Mark Felt and many others.
In May, 2005 the starter of the former deputy of the director of FBI Mark Felt followed. Thirty years later, Mark Felt admitted that he was the agent of the Deep Throat. The public learned from him how taps in headquarters of Nixon's political competitors were installed by the order of the American President.
It turns out that Mark Felt was "the one in four people". Firstly, he was the organizer of the scandal. Secondly, he investigated it. Thirdly, he merged the information. Lastly, he searched for himself as a "traitor" (Kutler, 2011).
The newspaper Washington Post confirmed the information that it was Felt who informed and gave out the secrets to the newspaper. Felt refrained from further comments, but his grandson Nick Jones read to the journalists the statement in which he stated an absolute confidence of the family that this recognition was the truth: "Our family considers that my grandfather Mark Felt is the great hero of America who honestly fulfilled the office duty and ran a huge personal risk to save the country from terrible injustice. All of us hope that the country will highly appreciate his merits, too". (Kutler, 2011) Felt's son said that a few years ago the former deputy director of FBI told the family about his past, having added that "he is not so proud of this episode of his life". However, the relatives convinced him that "he behaved as a hero" and he had to tell the public about everything (Kutler, 2011).
In the American press, the discussions began: whether it was necessary to consider Felt as a noble hero or a criminal? Having addressed to the press, he, in fact, disclosed office secrets. Lawyers say that Felt could receive up to 10 years of prison, according to the law. However, on a limitation period he cannot already be charged. The law, existing today, is much more severe, but has no retroactive effects.
Later, many people said that the "Watergate scandal"was not a celebration of democracy and a victory of the mass media which forced the top management of the USA to retire. Actually, there was "a cruel war between the CIA and the FBI" in which the President of the country was only "the tool of intelligence services" (Reeves, 2001).
Mark Felt, who was so eager to be the director of the FBI, did not take this position. For thirty years he had been keeping a secret about the one who stood behind the war of intelligence services. Not having received the authority and the post of the director of the FBI, the former master of special operations, at least, earned a good place in the American history.
The scandal which has changed the world was the only case for the whole history of the United States when the President stopped his execution of the duties ahead of the schedule during his lifetime.